Attitudes towards Gender-Based Violence
The problem of violence against women and girls is further exacerbated by its widespread cultural acceptance. Among young people, there is constant pressure on young boys to act in sexually aggressive ways towards women while young girls are expected to “accommodate men’s sexual desires.” In a national survey, close to three out of four women believed that intimate partner violence was justifiable punishment for a woman’s failure to perform her normative roles in society. “
Violence against women and girls is a major public health and human rights problem in Country X. Women who are poorly educated and economically dependent on their male partners are the most vulnerable. Sexual violence is also a major problem, with men being the most common perpetrators of rape and women, the victims. Sexual violence is associated with a range of health risk-taking behaviors among men, including having more sexual partners, alcohol and drug use, and exchanging gifts or services for sex. These behaviors are rooted in cultural norms regarding masculinity, male honor, and male sexual entitlement, an ideology that encourages male aggressiveness, dominance, and control of women, and attitudes towards gender relations. Girls and women are considered to be subordinate to boys and men and wives are expected to obey their husbands. Addressing violence against women and girls (VAW/G) is part of the government’s commitment to eliminating gender inequalities.
Furthermore, cultural norms allow husbands to “correct” their wives as long as such actions do not result in grievous harm. Focus group discussions revealed that intimate partner violence is considered a “normal” part of intimate and family relations and a private matter, and that those who witness such violence are discouraged from intervening. As women are valued in many communities as wives and mothers, religious and community leaders who are approached by victims for help tend to stress the importance of commitment to marriage .
Reporting incidents of violence to health workers and law enforcement officials can be viewed as a sign of disrespect for family members and elders, who are often responsible for intervening in cases of marital conflict. These attitudes and beliefs are grounded in social norms regarding gender and sexuality and are held more strongly by women who are poor, unemployed, lack access to information, and have little decision-making autonomy
Our role on gender-based-violence.
Awet’s role on GBV is to provide psychological support and counseling.We also covered areas such as Makoni , Chipinge and Mazoe. On GBV AWET in partnership with DOCAP